The Grandson of the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ)

imam hussain jannat k sardarHazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) was inborn to the offspring of the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ), Hazrat Fatima (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَا), in the holy Islamic month of Shaaban 3/4 Hijra, in the time of illiteracy, before the time of the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) no one was regarded with this name. When Hazrat Imam Hussein was born, the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) recited the holy “Azan” in his ears. On the seventh day, after the childbirth of Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ), the Angel Hazrat Jibraeel (عَلَیْہِ السَّلَام) came to the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) and recommended him the name of the infant baby “Hussein” and declared “As Hazrat Haroon (عَلَیْہِ السَّلَام) was the holy brother, comforter, and companion in each and every hardship of Hazrat Moosa (عَلَیْہِ السَّلَام) alike that Hazrat Ali (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) is your comforter, companion and brother in each and every thing. Therefore, name this child as the name of Haroon’s offspring ‘Shabbier’ in Hebrew, which transliterated into Arabic becomes ‘Hussein’.

Hazrat Abu SA’d Khudri (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) states that the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) said that Hazrat Hassan (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) and Hazrat Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) are the commanders of the teenagers in the holy “Heaven”.

Hazrat Hafiz Ibn Katheer (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) addresses one day an angel came and sat beside by the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ). Our holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) stated to Hazrat Salma (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَا) the wife of the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) and the holy mother of the disciples), “we have a visitor, do not permit entrance to anyone as we are having a discourse.” In the meantime Hazrat Imam Husain (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ), who at that time was very immature, entered the nest, and as infants usually do, he crawled over the shoulders of our holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ). The angel inquired “You love your grandson very much” the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) said “Yes”. The holy angel “Jibraeel” (عَلَیْہِ السَّلَام) then replied “Your devotees will surely at an ensuing future saint him. If you desire I may show you the place he will be martyred. The holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) replied with the willingness to see where his grandson will be martyred. The angel then fluttered his hand and presented some rosy sand and stated, “This is the exact place where he will surely be assassinated”. The holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) took some earth from his palm and handed it to Hazrat Salma (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَا) which was preserved by her in a bottle.

After this incident it became evident amid the associates of the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) that Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) will be martyred in the ground of Karbala. The holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) told them that if any one of you exists at the time, they should endorse him. Hazrat Anas bin Harris (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) supported him in Karbala and was also martyred.

In a narrative it is stated that once Hazrat Ali (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ), (may Allah Most High be pleased with him), was traveling through a country he stopped and inquired: “What is this region entitled? He was replied, “The Plain of Karbala.” Hazrat Ali (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) rested there and offered Salah (prayer) and then stated that the group of people who will be martyred here will have the topmost position among martyrs, after the holy Associates, and they will enter “Heaven” without any assessment. While Hazrat Ali (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) was there he highlighted the spot where his son would be martyred. The narrator certifies that Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) was in fact martyred in the precise spot Hazrat Ali (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) had highlighted. This unique factual sacrifice of Hazrat Imam Husain (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) and his limited line of adherent compared to the army of Yazeed has attracted the thoughts of historiographers, theorist, and authors around the globe, in all eras of history.

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) says the coolness of our eyes the holy highness (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) came to us, and on one his shoulder was Hazrat Hassan (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) and on the other Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ). On the way towards us we saw that frequently he would kiss Hazrat Hassan (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) and Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ). Someone inquired and asked, “Dear holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) do you love them extremely? The loving Prophet said (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) and whoever shall do so I will surely love him immensely and whoever holds an animosity against them, he indeed holds an animosity towards me?”

The collections of these Hadiths are from the holy Bukharee shareef, the holy Muslim shareef, the holy Tirmizi shareef, and other related books of Hadith. These hadiths have been accepted as authentic a hadith by all of the following scholars:

‘And (as for) those who moved in Almighty Allah’s way and are then slaughtered or perish, Almighty Allah(عَزَّوَجَلَّ) will indeed award them a sizable aid, and most indeed Almighty Allah(عَزَّوَجَلَّ) is the best Giver of aid.’ (Surah Hajj (22): Verse 58)

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The Historical Truth of “Karbala”: 10th of Muharram

10th Muharram - DawateislamiHussein was the youngest grandsons of the holy Prophet Muhammad (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ), and the youngest son of Hazrat Bibi Fatima (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَا), the holy offspring of the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ). The holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) dearly adored his both grandsons, and because he had no extant sons, he called them his “sons,” with care & tenderness.

Muharram is the earliest in order month of the Islamic calendar year. A vital and dreadful incident occurred on the 10thof Muharram that rocked the Muslim Ummah. It was the bloodshed of Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ), his clique members, and his companions by the infantry of Yazeed. He became the dictatorial emperor of the Muslim Ummah at that time; he came to become the Islamic ruler after Mu’awiya (father of Yazeed) died. Mu’awiya disobeyed the conditions of this agreement and, nominated his son Yazeed as his heir. Yazeed was an evil and corrupt man with no sense of humor. He promoted crime and forced to win public ground. Hazrat Imam Husain (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ), as the patron and advocate of the Islamic religion sanctioned by his gracious grandpa, the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ), denied swearing loyalty to him. Yazeed understood that he could never establish and reinforce his ruling without the zeal of Hazrat Imam Husain, the grandson of the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ). Therefore, he concluded that he would in general pressure Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) to surrender to his rulings, or contrarily he will have him assassinated.

Hazrat Imam Husain (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ), was fulfilling the pilgrimage in Mecca, message was received that soldiers had been appointed by Yazeed to assassinate him. Ambitious to defend the holiness of the spiritual City of Mecca, he stopped his pilgrimage and en routed for Kuffa, on proposal of the community there to come and educate them about Islam. He travelled with his family members and close friends. His excursion to Kuffa was interrupted by a disengagement of Yazeed’s battalion, commanded by Huur. He was ordered to divert Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) to the arid expanse of Karbala, on the riverside of the River Euphrates. In order to prevent massacre, Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) preferred not to confront, and pursued Hurr’s instructions. He and his associates were enforced to post camp at a great reach from the riverside, which was the solely origin of water supply in the range.

The food and water supplies were restricted onwards from 7thMuharram by the orders of Ibn Zayd the ruling governor of Kuffa for Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) and his companions. In the intervening time, the status of Yazeed’s battalion was expanding by the masses. The scorching sun blistered the arid sand, and the appetite was becoming insufferable in Hazrat Imam Husain’s camp. Especially the infants were exhausted and feeble, and Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) requested Yazeed’s battalion to allow water supplies for the infants, but there was no answer to the request sent by Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ).

Fajir prayers “Salah” were performed in holy camps of Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) and Yazeed’s battalion was ready to attack the defenders of Islam. Individually, his followers and members of the family took approval to go out and combat and sacrifice their lives in the aid of Islam. Among the bravest of all the soldiers fighting for Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) side were his two nephews. The leader of Hazrat Imam Hussein’s army was Hazrat Abbas (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ), who had affiliated his valor from his holy father ‘Hazrat Ali (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ), the Lion of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ).Hazrat Abbas (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) inquired permission from Hazrat Imam Hussein to go and battle his course round the river and fetch back some water for offspring Sakina, The holy 4 years daughter of Hazrat Imam Hussein, and the other infants. Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) unwillingly permitted him to go and bring water. Hazrat Abbas (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) took a dry decanter and erupted towards into Yazeed’s army, piercing between the forces, and gloriously arrived at the river bank. As Hazrat Abbas (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) was filling the vessel with water he speculated that how can he drink water while the people of the house and especially the infants back at camp are thirsty. Hazrat Abbas (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) fought with tremendous efforts and continued battling; persistent not to give up to those who had marked the rise of dictatorship in Islam but unfortunately could not send more to “Hell” .The complete battalion of Yazeed gathered upon him and passed away guarding the valued vessel of water. A brutal archer from Yazeed’s battalion struck an arrow that pierced into the body of the baby child, slaying him in the sanctified arms of Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ).

History and truth of karbala - Dawateislami

Expeditiously, Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) was deserted to confront Yazeed’s battalion, whereas all the competent male representatives of the holy camp had passed away battling respectfully. He made an ultimate approach towards Yazeed’s army, recalling them of his affinity with the holy and blessed Prophet of Islam, the affection and dignity which the holy Prophet expressed upon him, and the various established practices in which the holy Prophet had cautioned the Muslims not to go against or harm him. He also notified them of his ambition to support the principle and his stature as the present sincere guardian of the holy religion of Islam. He was deserted with no option but to take a solid stand in defiance of distortion, and to battle for the safeguarding of Islam. He battled courageously, and in the end he won martyrdom.

The meaning of Hazrat Imam Husain’s Martyrdom

Hazrat Imam Husain (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) preferred not to residence in Mecca because he did not want his bloodshed to dishonor the holy city. So he preferred to set off to Iraq, where his goal would obtain the utmost means, and where Yazeed’s immoral face would be greatly disclosed. This action of detail demonstrated that Hazrat Imam Husain (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) was true. We can observe that Hazrat Imam Husain (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) protected Islam from extinction by enduring his life.

Yazeed had been strong; victorious in obtaining the loyalty of the huge bulk of Muslims, and the rest of the Muslim Ummah was in a condition of ethical coma. The law of Islam was being shattered, the Sunnah of the holy Prophet was being altered, and fake customs were being fabricated to legitimize the laws of Yazeed. It was the unique sacrifice of Hazrat Imam Husain (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) and his loyal companions that awoke the Islamic Ummah out of its sleep. The Muslims were enforced to question why? The blessed son of Hazrat Bibi Fatimah (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَا) had been assassinated so ferociously, it also unfolded the actual character of Yazeed and his followers.

Conclusion of Hazrat Imam Husain’s accomplishments: Hazrat Imam Husain (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) by questioning Yazeed and in the action sacrificing his life turned the planet and transformed humanity endlessly. Yazeed, and surely all upcoming tyrants, were put on Back foot that they will not be accepted, and that principle and Islamic law would be supported and would eventually flourish, unconcerned of the costs.

Hazrat Imam Husain (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) preferred not to retreat or conceal from Yazeed, because that would not have unmasked the ugly face of Yazeed and would have helped to decriminalize his unfair ruler ship. He knew that by refusing Yazeed’s interest, he would probably be assassinated. Undoubtedly, he surely did not want to perish like many other martyrs. He wanted his demise to aid as an opening flare for a transformation that would reinforce Islamic integrity and obstruct terrorism for all generations to come. A question usually comes in mind and that is…..

Why did Hazrat Imam Hussein (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) take all the people of the house along?

Hazrat Imam Husain (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) traveled towards “Kuffa” along with (the people of the house)because he wanted to ensure that after his demise, his directives would be advanced by the people of the house, and Yazeed would not be able to censor the facts  of Hazrat Imam Hussein’s considerations. Record verifies that it was a vivid act. His holy sister Hazrat Bibi Zainab (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَا), with her intellectual and fearless confabulation, and with no apprehension of the lunatic Yazeed, precisely declared the fact and made public the fabrication of Yazeed in his own tribunal. He was unable to speak and embarrassed before her. Yazeed’s tribunal was crowded with important personalities consisting of both regional and from other democracy. They were startled upon learning the fact exerted so forcibly, and almost each and every eye was bearing tears. The identical picture was remade in the streets and markets of “Kuffa” and on the journey path of the survivors. Hazrat Imam Husain (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) had established the infrastructure of the transformation with his bloodshed. His holy sister Hazrat Zainab (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَا) charged the transformation with her speech. That transformation reformed the world endlessly.