Ramadan in Islam

Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ has given us His great kindness in the form of the fasts of Ramadan so that we could achieve religiousness and marvellous pleasure, as Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ says in Sūraĥ Baqaraĥ (part 2 verses 183-184):

یٰۤاَ یُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا کُتِبَ عَـلَیۡکُمُ الصِّیَامُ کَمَا کُتِبَ عَلَی الَّذِیۡنَ مِنۡ قَبۡلِکُمۡ لَعَلَّکُمۡ تَـتَّقُوۡنَ ﴿۱۸۳﴾ۙ اَیَّامًا مَّعۡدُوۡدٰتٍ ؕ فَمَنۡ کَانَ مِنۡکُمۡ مَّـرِ یۡضًا اَوۡ عَلٰی سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّۃٌ مِّنۡ اَیَّامٍ اُخَرَ ؕ وَ عَلَی الَّذِیۡنَ یُطِیۡقُوۡنَہٗ فِدۡیَۃٌ طَعَامُ مِسۡکِیۡنٍ ؕ فَمَنۡ تَطَوَّعَ  خَیۡرًا فَہُوَ خَیۡرٌ   لَّہٗ ؕ  وَ اَنۡ تَصُوۡمُوۡا خَیۡرٌ  لَّکُمۡ    اِنۡ  کُنۡتُمۡ  تَعۡلَمُوۡنَ   ﴿۱۸۴﴾

O those who believe! Fasting has been made obligatory upon you as were made obligatory upon those before you, so that you may become pious. The days are counted. Then whosoever among you is ill or on a journey then same number of fasting in other days, and those who have no strength, should give in fine meal to a needy: then whosoever does more good, then that is better for him, and fasting is better for you if you know.

[Kanz-ul-Īmān (Translation of Quran)] (Part 2, Sūraĥ Baqaraĥ, verses 183-184)

Blessings of Ramadan

It is a countless reward of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ that He عَزَّوَجَلَّ has allowed us a marvellous gift in the form of Ramadan, whose every moment is full of blessing. The reward of good performances is enhanced many times in this month. The reward of a Nafl act is equivalent to that of a Farḍ one, while the reward of a Farḍ act is multiplied 70 times. In this month, even the sleep of a fasting person is considered an act of worship. The divine ‘Arsh-holding angels say ‘Āmīn’ for the Du’ā of the fasting people. According to a Ḥadīš, the fish in the seas ask for forgiveness until Ifṭār for the one who fasts in Ramadan. (Attarghīb Wattarĥīb, pp. 55, vol. 2, Ḥadīš 6)

Revelation of the Quran

Ramadan is a blessed and sacred month in which Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ revealed the Holy Quran. He عَزَّوَجَلَّ mentions the revelation of the Holy Quran and Ramadan in these words:

شَہۡرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِیۡۤ اُنۡزِلَ فِیۡہِ الۡقُرۡاٰنُ ہُدًی لِّلنَّاسِ وَ بَیِّنٰتٍ مِّنَ الۡہُدٰی وَ الۡفُرۡقَانِ ۚ فَمَنۡ شَہِدَ مِنۡکُمُ الشَّہۡرَ فَلۡیَصُمۡہُ ؕ وَ مَنۡ کَانَ مَـرِیۡضًا اَوۡ عَلٰی سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّۃٌ مِّنۡ اَیَّامٍ اُخَرَ ؕ یُرِیۡدُ اللّٰہَ بِکُمُ الۡیُسۡرَ وَلَا یُرِ یۡدُ بِکُمُ الۡعُسۡرَ ۫ وَ لِتُکۡمِلُوا الۡعِدَّۃَ وَ لِتُکَبِّرُو ا اللّٰہُ عَـلٰی مَا ہَدٰىکُمۡ وَ لَعَلَّکُمۡ  تَشۡکُرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۸۵﴾

The month of Ramadan in which was sent down the Quran – the guidance for mankind, the direction and the clear criteria (to judge between right and wrong). So whoever among you finds this month, must fast for the (whole) month; and whoever is sick or on a journey, may fast the same number in other days. Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ desires ease for you and does not desire hardship for you so that you complete the count (of fasts), and glorify Allah’s greatness for having guided you, and so that you may be grateful.

[Kanz-ul-Īmān (Translation of Quran)] (Part 2, Sūraĥ Baqaraĥ, verse 185)

Five special blessings

Sayyidunā Jābir Bin ‘Abdullāĥ رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی عَـنْهُ has narrated that the Beloved and Blessed Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has stated, ‘In Ramadan, my Ummaĥ has been gifted five such things which were not given to any other Prophet عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام before me:

  1. On the first night of Ramadan, Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ showers special mercy upon them and the one upon whom Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ showers special mercy will never be punished.
  2. In the evening, Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ likes the smell emanating from their mouths (due to hunger) more than even musk.
  3. Angels pray for their forgiveness every night and day.
  4. Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ orders Heaven to be adorned for His (righteous) people and says, ‘Soon they will get rid of the grief of the world and find solace in My house and My bounties.’
  5. On the last night of Ramadan, Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ forgives them all.’

Standing up, a person asked, ‘Yā Rasūlallāĥ صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم! Is that Laīla-tul-Qadr?’ He صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم replied, ‘No. Do you not see that a labourer is given his wage when he finishes his job?’ (Attarghīb Wattarĥīb, pp. 56, vol. 2, Ḥadīš 7)

sadqa e fitr, ashra of ramadan, Attar birthday