Who has earned Paradise, it will be evident in the afterworld, but Almighty Allah (God) عَزَّوَجَلَّ guaranteed it to the “Sahabah” while they were in this very world. “Not alike between you are the Ones who spent (willingly) and battled before the success. The particular are higher in rank compared to those who spent (willingly) and battled eventually. Almighty Allah (God) عَزَّوَجَلَّ guaranteed a comprehensive (reward) for all and Allah (God) عَزَّوَجَلَّ is very well informed with that they all do”.
It is apparently understood that, Allah (God) عَزَّوَجَلَّ guaranteed (paradise) Heaven to all the “Sahabah”, just as the Companions, who had many praiseworthy attributes. They were given the comprehensive (reward) of Heaven (Paradise) in routine; but there are also those who were guaranteed Heaven (paradise) independently on this earth. The word “Ashara Mubashara” (the 10 who were guaranteed “Heaven” Paradise) nominates them who were rewarded with these glad greetings from the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ while they were living in this world. The names of these “Sahabah” are quoted in the “Hadees” some common aspects of the Ashara Mubashara are: All these companions converted to Muslim in the early years of Islam and contributed with vast services to the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَand for the Islamic sources. They migrated, participated in the battle of “Badr” and testified dedication to the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَat “Hudaybiya”. There are many descriptions in “Hadees” origin concerning their faith.
1-Hazrat Abu Bakr: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ
He is the 1st of the Caliphs and early of the Ashara Mubashara, his early name was Abdul-Kaabah. After the onset of Islam, the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ named him Abdullah. His title name is Abu Bakr. The most famous among these is Siddiq. He was born approximately two years and some months after the incident of the Elephant in Mecca in 571. He was elaborated in the textile and clothing business, he also facilitated a delegation in collecting all the verses of the holy Quran under the administration of Zayd b. Sabit. He passed away at the age of sixty-three like the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَwho he loved the most. He was buried next to the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ at shoulder level according to his will.
2-Hazrat Umar: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ
The 3rd Caliph, he was the closest Companions to the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ in his attempt for spreading peace and Islam and to make it dominion in this world. His title name was “Farooq,” which means the one who segregates among right and wrong. He was born in Mecca thirteen years after the incident of the Elephant. He was a shepherd to camels from his nonage and endorsed Islam in the 6th year of the Prophet Hood and was regularly at the side of the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ, and he did everything viable to defend him. To put permissible things in procedure, he was the first one to assign judges working individually the administrators. In 17 H. he imprinted money and circulated it. He also entrenched army based towns in order for armies to be situated close to enemy zone.
3-Hazrat Usman: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ
He was born 6 years after the incident of the Elephant and 47 years before the Migration. Due to his loyalty in business dealing, he was acclaimed for this among the people. He became Muslim at the proposal of Hazrat Abu Bakr رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ. He purchased the Ruma well which was inherited by a Jew for 25,000 dirhams and permitted the Muslims to use it for free.
4-Hazrat ALI IBN ABU TALIB: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ
He was the son of the Prophet’s uncle, his son-in-law and the 4th caliph. His was entitled ruler of the loyal. He is also invoked as “Allah’s Lion.” He was born 20 years before the Migration. He was called in the holy Prophet’s speech the “doorway to the city of wisdom,” the most sophisticated of the society.
5-Hazrat Abdurrahman: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ
He was born relatively 20 years after the incident of the Elephant. He contributed greatly in Almighty Allah’s عَزَّوَجَلَّ pathway to many combat quests, specially the Tabuk quest. He lived a very peaceful life and passed away in Medina Munawarah in the year 32 H
6-Hazrat Abu Obadiah: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ
He was very famous with the name of “Protector of the Ummah.” He transformed into a Muslim by the efforts of Abu Bakr’s invitation or by going to the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَwith his colleagues under the influence of Usman ibn Maz. As the other big Companions, he competed in the entire combat quest. He was always at the Prophet’s side in the invasion of Mecca, and the Farewell Pilgrimage.
7-Hazrat SA’d ibn Abi Waqqas: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ
He was one of the first to welcome the Islamic belief. He stayed in Mecca till the journey to Medina and executed considerable assistance, both in military and political, period of caliphate. He passed away in the Aqiq plain outside of Medina Munawarah in the year of 55 H.
8-Hazrat Saeed bin Zayd: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ
He was brief to pursue the holy Prophet Muhammad صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ with the omission of Battle of Badr; he also participated in the battle at Uhud and all other combats. He depleted the last days of his life on his meadow in the Aqiq plain outside of Medina Munawarah and, exceeding the age of seventy, he passed away in 50 or 51 H.
9-Hazrat Talha: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ
He was one of the first 8 people to welcome Islam and the fifth person to become Muslim through Hazrat Abu Bakr رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ. He fought many battles but did not fight at Badr quest; he bravely protected the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ at the battle of Uhud. It is predicted that he was between 60-64 years of age when he passed away. He was the holy Prophet’s صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ brother-in-law
10-Hazrat Zubair ibn-e-Awan: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ
He was called “Abu Abdullah” because of his oldest son Abdullah. After Hazrat Umar’s passed away he was one of the 6-member council entrenched to perform the selection of the caliph. He played a vital role in the takeover of Egypt.