According to our holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad, every Muslim should give Sadaqa Al-Fitar. A sum equal to one Sa’a of grain.”Definition of (Sa’a), a prehistoric gauge of volume or weight,” different minds have struggled to clarify this volume in current measurements. The most popular perception is that one Sa’a is equivalent to 2.05 kilograms of wheat. Each individual Muslim is to give away this amount male or female, adult or child, ill or vigorous, aged or young. The senior associate of the house is accountable for paying the amount on behalf of the family. Hazrat- Ibn ‘Umar states that the holy Prophet instructed that (Zakat al-Fitr) should be given before Muslims go to perform the (`Eid) prayers .Our beloved holy Prophet’s associates Hazrat Ibn ‘Umar used to always give it to those who would accept it .This indicates that we must inform in advance, this sum is associated to Sadqa Al-Fitar to our deprived Muslim brother’s and sister’s before handing over the alms to them.
Sadaqa Al-Fitr is humanitarian alms associated to the holy month of Ramadan. The word Fitr means the same as Iftar, breaking a fast and it comes from the same source word as Futoor which means breakfast. We must hand-over the alms just before the Eid-Al-Fitar invocation. This invocation happens early in the morning after Fajar prayer on the 1st of Shawwal, the month following Ramadan. After the growth of Islam the legal scholars authorized its payment from the rise and mid of Ramadan so as to confirm that the Zakat al-Fitr is delivered to its beneficiaries on the day of `Eid. It is particularly highlighted that the distribution be before the `Eid prayers in order that the needful who collect are able to use the fitr for their dependents on the day of `Eid. Zakat al-Fitr is only WA’ jib for a specific time period. If someone misses the specific time phase without a good excuse, he will be accounted as a sinner and will not be able to make it up. This type of charity becomes compulsory from sunset on the last day of fasting and remains compulsory until the beginning of” Eid Prayers”.
Who can be the beneficiary of Sadaqa Al-Fitr?
Sadaqa Al-Fitr is meant for associates of the Muslim fraternity who do not have enough to feed themselves and their family members. The beneficiaries of Zakat can also be the beneficiaries of Sadaqa Al-Fitr and it can also traditionally be given directly to individuals in need. In some situations, you may hand-over the alms straight away to a known deprived family. However, some very famous, trusted and reputed Islamic Charitable Organizations accept cash donations which they use to promote Islam in a very significant manner in various Departments and forms. One of them is Dawat-e-Islami اَلْـحَمْـدُ لـِلّٰـه عَزَّوَجَلَّ it has been vigorously busy in serving the dominant religion of Islam. Institutions like Madrasa-tul-Madina for the education of Hifz and Naazra, Jamia-tul-Madina for making Islamic scholars. The institution depends on public donations and support.