The Noble Companions (عَلَیْہِمُ الرِّضْوَان) of the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ)

Khane kabba - DawateisalmiThe spiritual Companions (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا), of the Holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) are those great personalities of the world, who are exceptional and better than anyone other than the Prophets and Messengers of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) God. By their accomplishments they acquired the gratification of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) God and His holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ).

“You are the finest of humans ever dignified for humankind, you advise well and outlaw immoral, and you trust in Allah.” [3:110]

The Associates of the holy Prophet of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) God are disseminated completely over the nirvana of Islam like the dazzling stars on the sky. They were personalities who eagerly acknowledged to the statement of the holy Prophet (peace be upon him) when he presented the directive of the wholeness of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) God. They did not embrace Islam with any greedy cause or gaining anything. It is not hard to comprehend from a debate of the situation dominant at the onset of Islam that it was a very demanding era for the Muslims. To preach Islam in those days meant to draw inconvenience and hardship of oneself. Although those startled souls, the associates of the holy prophets, known as “Sahabah”, endorsed Islam without any concern of strain and barbarity. No one could prosper obtaining such divine character in loyalty and ability as these few prosperous ones. By abiding all types of embarrassments and unacceptable horror in the path and passion for the spiritual message and zeal to virtuous path, they set patterns which will present a guide line for the seekers of truthfulness and justice.

When we interpret the life experiences of the holy Associates, we feel a desirous to pursue their precedent. We feel a very strong desire to be from in our faith and to organize the picture of Islam. We have to admit that had not Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) caused those remarkable people; our holy religion would not have come to us in its pure form. Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) had created those dignified Associates of our holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) to shield our articles of faith. Next to the lives of the messengers of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ). It is the lives of these wise advisers which play as the finest models for us. The aspect in which the holy Associates went onward with the Islamic developments, the efforts they made in supporting the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ), and the passion and spirit with which they headed for circulating the note of Islam, carry a good lesson for all human beings of the world, particularly the Muslims. For a long time now there has been a perception that the biography of those beacons of Islam should be bestowed to our children for rectifying the evil of our current civilization.

In a Hadith the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) stated, “The tribes of Israel dispersed into seventy- two sections. My Ummah will disperse into seventy-three sections. All of them will be in the Fire of Hell, excluding one: the one on which I am upon, and my Companions.” [At-Tirmidhee Shareef].

Isam - DawateislamiAll this should correspond as testimony that the factual comprehension of Islam is that of the “Sahabah” (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا) and all those who followed their avenue, in principle. They are the very best genesis of Islam and they accepted the holy Quran (Koran) and Sunnah the best.  Why should we not be contented to those who trusted in the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ), supported him, and struggled with their lives and riches to make the Word of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) infinite, guarded and inherited to us our Religion? Who is more worthy that we address for them and publicize of them in the best aspect and think of them with the best reflection?

We ask Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) to permit us to comprehend practically the lives of the Associates and to make our lives mirror theirs. As Ibn Taymeeyah states: “Whoever will read their biographies with wisdom and understanding he will come to know the rewards bestowed by Almighty Allah(عَزَّوَجَلَّ) upon them and he will definitely understand that these are the very best among humanity after the Prophets.

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Who are “Sahaba’s”? – Why respect them?

A Muslim who perceives with his eyes the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم just only for a short while, whether they are a child or an adult, they will be called “Sahabah” رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُم with the condition of passing from this world as a devotee; the dupe law implements to visionless Muslims who have just talked with the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم at least once in a life-time. If a pessimist sees the holy Prophet Muhammad صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ and then accompanies the devotees after the demise of the holy Muhammad صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم, he will not be considered a “Sahabah”.

UN doubtfully, the soul style and experiences of the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم and his companions رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُم are the very capable origin producing courage of faith and devotion for the believe .The Ummah and the call towards believe has always been illustrating glitter of faith from these origin and it is by this that the cinders of their souls have been kept glowing.

They generally agreed upon animosity contrary to their caste, people and encounter their cruelty, brutality and left their motherland and emigrated to Madīnaĥ, all of this just for the sake of exercising and extending the religion of Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ . They fought along the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم), against the non-Muslims, with their prosperity and souls. Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ elected them to place the obligation of safeguarding the Religion of Islam for the upcoming formations and it is because of them that the Religion is sustained; as the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم) said:

“The finest among all are my “Sahaba’s” then those who pursue them and then those who pursue them” [Saheeh Bukharee].

The memoir of the companion’s رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُم consists of the history of men who welcomed the proposal of Islam when it was bestowed to them. Their souls indicated to its legitimacy and they proclaimed when called towards Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and his beloved Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم. “Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ we have UN doubtfully perceived the caller (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم) calling towards faith”. By placing their hands in hands of the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم, it became uncomplicated for them to sacrifice their souls their riches and their tribes. They started searching for comfort in the obstacles and crisis that troubled them in the line of inviting others towards Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ. This aspect principle penetrated their souls and obtained ability over their frames and wisdoms. They presented the astonishing faith in the invisible, never-ending love for Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and his beloved Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم, tenderness for the Muslims and severity for the non-Muslims .They elected the after-world upon this world, tribute (the compensation of the after-world) to refund (the prize of this world), the invisible to the visible and intelligence to unintelligence. They were ambitious to encourage people toward Islam, Thus extracting the humanity from bondage to the formation and taking them towards the subjugation of Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ only. They detached humanity from the discrimination of other religions and harvested them in to the justified religion of Islam.

They presented no interest for the attractiveness and pride of the world and strived to meet Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and enter the promised “Heavens”. They also displayed excellent determination and vision in extending the souvenir of Islam and conveying it to the mankind with the expenditure of their souls. For this ambition they advanced throughout the far borders of the world saving no force to skyline as far as they could. In doing so, they kept aside their individual gratification, relinquished their leisure’s abandoned their homelands and nobly passed their lives and riches. They progressed in this aspect until the infrastructure of faith was entrenched; souls and hearts flourished with the true love of Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and the divine and sanctified breeze of faith blew sincerely. Finally the sacrifices and efforts were fruitfully blessed and an empire of “Tauheed”, faith, worship and continuity was established.

The Companion کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم Lion of Almighty Allah: Dawateislami

The Companions (رِضْوَانُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِمْ اَجْمَعِیْن) are the followers of the Holy Prophet and are those great personalities of the world, who are superior to and greater than anyone except the Prophets of Almighty Allah .By their success they obtained the blessings of Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) and His Holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ). When we read the life-style of the Holy Companions (رِضْوَانُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِمْ اَجْمَعِیْن), we feel privileged to follow their foot-steps. We feel necessary to be complete in our trust and to build the faith of Islam and we also believe that if had not Allah created those tremendous people; our religion would not have come to us in its perfect formation. Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) had deputed those noble Companions of our Holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) to safeguard our religion; it is the lives of these mentors which serve as the best models for us. The manner in which the Companions (رِضْوَانُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِمْ اَجْمَعِیْن) went forward with the Islamic reformation, they stood in support of the Holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ), and the passion and devotion with which they worked for extending the message of Islam, convey a good example for all humans around the world, specifically the Muslims. Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ praised, in many versus of the Holy Quran, the Companions who loved, executed, and followed the Messenger (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) without personal desire and without objection or egotism, and only wanting the embrace of Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) and His Messenger(صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ); those Companions(رِضْوَانُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِمْ اَجْمَعِیْن) have satisfied Allah(عَزَّوَجَلَّ) and He delighted them, and that is the way for those who fear Allah(عَزَّوَجَلَّ). The meaning of “Sahabah” Companions is all those Male & Female Muslims who met face to face with our holy Prophet Muhammad صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ and died as a Muslim. The perfect model of following and loving Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) and Allah’s Messenger (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) was demonstrated by the Companions of the Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ). These groups of the Companions (رِضْوَانُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِمْ اَجْمَعِیْن) are admired by the Muslims because of their belief towards the Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) and their works with him, therefore they are admired and respected by all Muslims, and they are very well regarded as people mention their names with prestige. Among them is a very famous name and that is “Asad-ullah”.

Hazrat Ali (Lion of Almighty Allah) کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم born on 13th Rajab in the holy Ka’bah in 599 or 600th CE. The Prestigious & holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ was approximately 30 years old when Hazrat Ali کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم was born. The first Personality Hazrat Ali کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم witnessed when he opened his, crystal hazel, framed in thick lashes eyes was the Blessed holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ. Fatima the Mother of Hazrat Ali کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم, called him by the names “Asad” and “Hyder”. But the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ named him “Ali” and it is a male Arabic name, obtained from the Arabic origin ع ل و which means “Elevated” or “Raised”.

 

 

He was less than 10 years old when he had the great esteem of being the first Muslim child to follow the lesson and the guidance of the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ which he received from Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ. He started flourishing in the holy family, the attitude and the way of life affected young Ali so much that he mirrored the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ in all aspects. The holy Prophet’s influence was visible in features of his humble life-history till his last note. The holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ loved and cared for him very deeply and regarded him as his brother in Islam. He complemented him on various occasions as being the “Lion of Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ.Hazrat Ali کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم was the most courageous amongst all Muslims next only to holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ and was the strongest of all next to holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ because it is a clear aspect that the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ was the most bravest and the strongest and the best created by Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ. Dear Muslim’s Hazrat Ali got all the respect & blessings by following the foot-steps of the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ), therefore as a Muslim it is a part of our faith to respect & love the loved-ones. It is quoted by Hazrat Ali (کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم); “When Proven Wrong the Wise Will rectify Himself and the Ignorant Will Keep Arguing”.

The Authenticity of Ahle-Bait عَلَيهِمُ الّرِضْوَان

The Authenticity of Ahle-Bait عَلَيهِمُ الّرِضْوَانAll worship is to Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ, the creator of all generations. The very Kind the very loving, inheritor of the Day of compensation. He blessed us with the privilege of being the Muslim Ummah of His Beloved Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ. He is the One who purified our hearts with the compassion and devotion for His Beloved Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ. He is the One who divined us with the very priceless fortune of (Faith). Countless tributes & showers of blessings for the Mercy for all Kinds, King of the Prophets, His Blessed Father and Mother, His complete Family, His children, His Sahaba’s and all the followers! عَلَيهِمُ الّرِضْوَان.

This shows that we should love & respect the family members of the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ because it is compulsory (Fard) upon every Muslim and who fails to do so will cause questioning by Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ. Ahle-Bait عَلَيهِمُ الّرِضْوَان is a phrase meaning members of the House, or family. In the Islamic history it indicates to the house of the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ. It is narrated from Umm al-Momineen, Umm Salamah رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَا that once the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَwas in her house lying on a mattress, covered with a cloak from Khaibar when his beloved daughter Fatima Zahra رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَاentered with a dish called al-Khazira (a kind of food). The holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَasked her to call her husband, Hazrat Ali and her two sons. Bibi Fatima Zahra رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَاcalled them and as they all sat together to eat, Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ blessed & revealed the upcoming verse of purity (Ayat Al-Tathir) to the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ.”… Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ only wants to keep away the uncleanliness from you, people of the House!  And to purify you with complete purity. “Holy Qur’an (33:33).

Upon this the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ covered them all with his cloak and lifting his hands towards the sky said: “Almighty Allah! عَزَّوَجَلَّ This is my family-tree and the closest of my blood, keep away from them uncleanliness and keep them the purest as pure as it can be.” Mother of all the Muslim’s, Ummah Salma رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَا states: the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَrepeated these words thrice and when she covered her head with the cloak and asked the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ “am I also with you” he replied twice and said: “You are (indeed) among the virtuous.”

This shows the clear message of the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ from the above paragraph that the holy Prophet‘s صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَdaily routine of stopping by at his daughter’s house and address her house-members as Ahle-Bait عَلَيهِمُ الّرِضْوَان was not un- reasoned. In fact he was describing the meaning of the term Ahle Bait عَلَيهِمُ الّرِضْوَان and virtually explaining to the Muslims the Quranic verses of purity (Ayat Al-Tathir) and the specific personalities meant by it. To be more accurate, he was creating the awareness of the Muslim civilization towards the importance of his Ahle Bait عَلَيهِمُ الّرِضْوَان and their domination after him so that the Muslims may love, obey and follow them.

Just as the Holy Qur’an is authentic from the beginning to the end without the shade of untruthfulness in it and it is an obligatory service of every Muslim to obey the commands of the holy Quran. The Ahle Bait عَلَيهِمُ الّرِضْوَان are un-doubtfully true and honest guides just as the holy Quran whose orders must be followed by all Muslims. So there can be no getaway in accepting their direction and following their teachings and faith. The Muslims are obligated by the Hadith of the holy Prophetصَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ to follow them.

Imam Al-Shaafie states that, “Ahle Bait! عَلَيهِمُ الّرِضْوَان Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ has made it incumbent in the Holy Qur’an to shower our love on you. It is a matter of gratification for you that without supplicating blessing on you, prayer (Salah) is not viable.” He re-states, “After observing closely that the people have elected various ways which have escorted them to the deep Oceans of diversions and ignorance. I have, in the name of Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ initiated the ship which may escort me to freedom. The Ahle Bait عَلَيهِمُ الّرِضْوَان are that very ship, we have been ordered to hold fast the rope of Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and that rope is the love of Ahle Bait” عَلَيهِمُ الّرِضْوَان.

Conclusion: The holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَand his Ahle Bait عَلَيهِمُ الّرِضْوَان sacrificed all the earthly pleasures and even their existence in order to deliver the rightful religion of Islam to us. In return of their sacrifices, we are ordered by Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ to simply love them. The point is that through their love, we follow their footsteps. We follow the rightful teachings of Islam educated by them, so that we live a good and appropriate life in this world and obtain the pleasure of Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ in the life here and after.