The Noble Companions (عَلَیْہِمُ الرِّضْوَان) of the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ)

Khane kabba - DawateisalmiThe spiritual Companions (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا), of the Holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) are those great personalities of the world, who are exceptional and better than anyone other than the Prophets and Messengers of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) God. By their accomplishments they acquired the gratification of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) God and His holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ).

“You are the finest of humans ever dignified for humankind, you advise well and outlaw immoral, and you trust in Allah.” [3:110]

The Associates of the holy Prophet of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) God are disseminated completely over the nirvana of Islam like the dazzling stars on the sky. They were personalities who eagerly acknowledged to the statement of the holy Prophet (peace be upon him) when he presented the directive of the wholeness of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) God. They did not embrace Islam with any greedy cause or gaining anything. It is not hard to comprehend from a debate of the situation dominant at the onset of Islam that it was a very demanding era for the Muslims. To preach Islam in those days meant to draw inconvenience and hardship of oneself. Although those startled souls, the associates of the holy prophets, known as “Sahabah”, endorsed Islam without any concern of strain and barbarity. No one could prosper obtaining such divine character in loyalty and ability as these few prosperous ones. By abiding all types of embarrassments and unacceptable horror in the path and passion for the spiritual message and zeal to virtuous path, they set patterns which will present a guide line for the seekers of truthfulness and justice.

When we interpret the life experiences of the holy Associates, we feel a desirous to pursue their precedent. We feel a very strong desire to be from in our faith and to organize the picture of Islam. We have to admit that had not Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) caused those remarkable people; our holy religion would not have come to us in its pure form. Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) had created those dignified Associates of our holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) to shield our articles of faith. Next to the lives of the messengers of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ). It is the lives of these wise advisers which play as the finest models for us. The aspect in which the holy Associates went onward with the Islamic developments, the efforts they made in supporting the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ), and the passion and spirit with which they headed for circulating the note of Islam, carry a good lesson for all human beings of the world, particularly the Muslims. For a long time now there has been a perception that the biography of those beacons of Islam should be bestowed to our children for rectifying the evil of our current civilization.

In a Hadith the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) stated, “The tribes of Israel dispersed into seventy- two sections. My Ummah will disperse into seventy-three sections. All of them will be in the Fire of Hell, excluding one: the one on which I am upon, and my Companions.” [At-Tirmidhee Shareef].

Isam - DawateislamiAll this should correspond as testimony that the factual comprehension of Islam is that of the “Sahabah” (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا) and all those who followed their avenue, in principle. They are the very best genesis of Islam and they accepted the holy Quran (Koran) and Sunnah the best.  Why should we not be contented to those who trusted in the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ), supported him, and struggled with their lives and riches to make the Word of Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) infinite, guarded and inherited to us our Religion? Who is more worthy that we address for them and publicize of them in the best aspect and think of them with the best reflection?

We ask Almighty Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) to permit us to comprehend practically the lives of the Associates and to make our lives mirror theirs. As Ibn Taymeeyah states: “Whoever will read their biographies with wisdom and understanding he will come to know the rewards bestowed by Almighty Allah(عَزَّوَجَلَّ) upon them and he will definitely understand that these are the very best among humanity after the Prophets.

Who are “Sahaba’s”? – Why respect them?

A Muslim who perceives with his eyes the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم just only for a short while, whether they are a child or an adult, they will be called “Sahabah” رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُم with the condition of passing from this world as a devotee; the dupe law implements to visionless Muslims who have just talked with the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم at least once in a life-time. If a pessimist sees the holy Prophet Muhammad صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ and then accompanies the devotees after the demise of the holy Muhammad صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم, he will not be considered a “Sahabah”.

UN doubtfully, the soul style and experiences of the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم and his companions رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُم are the very capable origin producing courage of faith and devotion for the believe .The Ummah and the call towards believe has always been illustrating glitter of faith from these origin and it is by this that the cinders of their souls have been kept glowing.

They generally agreed upon animosity contrary to their caste, people and encounter their cruelty, brutality and left their motherland and emigrated to Madīnaĥ, all of this just for the sake of exercising and extending the religion of Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ . They fought along the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم), against the non-Muslims, with their prosperity and souls. Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ elected them to place the obligation of safeguarding the Religion of Islam for the upcoming formations and it is because of them that the Religion is sustained; as the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم) said:

“The finest among all are my “Sahaba’s” then those who pursue them and then those who pursue them” [Saheeh Bukharee].

The memoir of the companion’s رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُم consists of the history of men who welcomed the proposal of Islam when it was bestowed to them. Their souls indicated to its legitimacy and they proclaimed when called towards Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and his beloved Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم. “Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ we have UN doubtfully perceived the caller (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم) calling towards faith”. By placing their hands in hands of the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم, it became uncomplicated for them to sacrifice their souls their riches and their tribes. They started searching for comfort in the obstacles and crisis that troubled them in the line of inviting others towards Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ. This aspect principle penetrated their souls and obtained ability over their frames and wisdoms. They presented the astonishing faith in the invisible, never-ending love for Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and his beloved Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم, tenderness for the Muslims and severity for the non-Muslims .They elected the after-world upon this world, tribute (the compensation of the after-world) to refund (the prize of this world), the invisible to the visible and intelligence to unintelligence. They were ambitious to encourage people toward Islam, Thus extracting the humanity from bondage to the formation and taking them towards the subjugation of Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ only. They detached humanity from the discrimination of other religions and harvested them in to the justified religion of Islam.

They presented no interest for the attractiveness and pride of the world and strived to meet Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and enter the promised “Heavens”. They also displayed excellent determination and vision in extending the souvenir of Islam and conveying it to the mankind with the expenditure of their souls. For this ambition they advanced throughout the far borders of the world saving no force to skyline as far as they could. In doing so, they kept aside their individual gratification, relinquished their leisure’s abandoned their homelands and nobly passed their lives and riches. They progressed in this aspect until the infrastructure of faith was entrenched; souls and hearts flourished with the true love of Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and the divine and sanctified breeze of faith blew sincerely. Finally the sacrifices and efforts were fruitfully blessed and an empire of “Tauheed”, faith, worship and continuity was established.

The Companion کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم Lion of Almighty Allah: Dawateislami

The Companions (رِضْوَانُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِمْ اَجْمَعِیْن) are the followers of the Holy Prophet and are those great personalities of the world, who are superior to and greater than anyone except the Prophets of Almighty Allah .By their success they obtained the blessings of Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) and His Holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ). When we read the life-style of the Holy Companions (رِضْوَانُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِمْ اَجْمَعِیْن), we feel privileged to follow their foot-steps. We feel necessary to be complete in our trust and to build the faith of Islam and we also believe that if had not Allah created those tremendous people; our religion would not have come to us in its perfect formation. Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) had deputed those noble Companions of our Holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) to safeguard our religion; it is the lives of these mentors which serve as the best models for us. The manner in which the Companions (رِضْوَانُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِمْ اَجْمَعِیْن) went forward with the Islamic reformation, they stood in support of the Holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ), and the passion and devotion with which they worked for extending the message of Islam, convey a good example for all humans around the world, specifically the Muslims. Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ praised, in many versus of the Holy Quran, the Companions who loved, executed, and followed the Messenger (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) without personal desire and without objection or egotism, and only wanting the embrace of Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) and His Messenger(صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ); those Companions(رِضْوَانُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِمْ اَجْمَعِیْن) have satisfied Allah(عَزَّوَجَلَّ) and He delighted them, and that is the way for those who fear Allah(عَزَّوَجَلَّ). The meaning of “Sahabah” Companions is all those Male & Female Muslims who met face to face with our holy Prophet Muhammad صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ and died as a Muslim. The perfect model of following and loving Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ) and Allah’s Messenger (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) was demonstrated by the Companions of the Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ). These groups of the Companions (رِضْوَانُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِمْ اَجْمَعِیْن) are admired by the Muslims because of their belief towards the Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) and their works with him, therefore they are admired and respected by all Muslims, and they are very well regarded as people mention their names with prestige. Among them is a very famous name and that is “Asad-ullah”.

Hazrat Ali (Lion of Almighty Allah) کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم born on 13th Rajab in the holy Ka’bah in 599 or 600th CE. The Prestigious & holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ was approximately 30 years old when Hazrat Ali کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم was born. The first Personality Hazrat Ali کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم witnessed when he opened his, crystal hazel, framed in thick lashes eyes was the Blessed holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ. Fatima the Mother of Hazrat Ali کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم, called him by the names “Asad” and “Hyder”. But the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ named him “Ali” and it is a male Arabic name, obtained from the Arabic origin ع ل و which means “Elevated” or “Raised”.

 

 

He was less than 10 years old when he had the great esteem of being the first Muslim child to follow the lesson and the guidance of the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ which he received from Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ. He started flourishing in the holy family, the attitude and the way of life affected young Ali so much that he mirrored the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ in all aspects. The holy Prophet’s influence was visible in features of his humble life-history till his last note. The holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ loved and cared for him very deeply and regarded him as his brother in Islam. He complemented him on various occasions as being the “Lion of Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ.Hazrat Ali کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم was the most courageous amongst all Muslims next only to holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ and was the strongest of all next to holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ because it is a clear aspect that the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ was the most bravest and the strongest and the best created by Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ. Dear Muslim’s Hazrat Ali got all the respect & blessings by following the foot-steps of the holy Prophet (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ), therefore as a Muslim it is a part of our faith to respect & love the loved-ones. It is quoted by Hazrat Ali (کَرَّمَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی وَجْہَہُ الْکَرِیْم); “When Proven Wrong the Wise Will rectify Himself and the Ignorant Will Keep Arguing”.

Ten Companions: The Marvelous Greetings of Paradise

Who has earned Paradise, it will be evident in the afterworld, but Almighty Allah (God) عَزَّوَجَلَّ guaranteed it to the “Sahabah” while they were in this very world. “Not alike between you are the Ones who spent (willingly) and battled before the success. The particular are higher in rank compared to those who spent (willingly) and battled eventually. Almighty Allah (God) عَزَّوَجَلَّ guaranteed a comprehensive (reward) for all and Allah (God) عَزَّوَجَلَّ is very well informed with that they all do”.

It is apparently understood that, Allah (God) عَزَّوَجَلَّ guaranteed (paradise) Heaven to all the “Sahabah”, just as the Companions, who had many praiseworthy attributes. They were given the comprehensive (reward) of Heaven (Paradise) in routine; but there are also those who were guaranteed Heaven (paradise) independently on this earth. The word “Ashara Mubashara” (the 10 who were guaranteed “Heaven” Paradise) nominates them who were rewarded with these glad greetings from the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ while they were living in this world. The names of these “Sahabah” are quoted in the “Hadees” some common aspects of the Ashara Mubashara are: All these companions converted to Muslim in the early years of Islam and contributed with vast services to the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَand for the Islamic sources. They migrated, participated in the battle of “Badr” and testified dedication to the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَat “Hudaybiya”. There are many descriptions in “Hadees” origin concerning their faith.

1-Hazrat Abu Bakr:  رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ

He is the 1st of the Caliphs and early of the Ashara Mubashara, his early name was Abdul-Kaabah. After the onset of Islam, the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ named him Abdullah. His title name is Abu Bakr. The most famous among these is Siddiq. He was born approximately two years and some months after the incident of the Elephant in Mecca in 571. He was elaborated in the textile and clothing business, he also facilitated a delegation in collecting all the verses of the holy Quran under the administration of Zayd b. Sabit. He passed away at the age of sixty-three like the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَwho he loved the most. He was buried next to the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ at shoulder level according to his will.

2-Hazrat Umar: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ

The 3rd Caliph, he was the closest Companions to the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ in his attempt for spreading peace and Islam and to make it dominion in this world. His title name was “Farooq,” which means the one who segregates among right and wrong. He was born in Mecca thirteen years after the incident of the Elephant. He was a shepherd to camels from his nonage and endorsed Islam in the 6th year of the Prophet Hood and was regularly at the side of the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ, and he did everything viable to defend him. To put permissible things in procedure, he was the first one to assign judges working individually the administrators. In 17 H. he imprinted money and circulated it. He also entrenched army based towns in order for armies to be situated close to enemy zone.

3-Hazrat Usman: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ

He was born 6 years after the incident of the Elephant and 47 years before the Migration. Due to his loyalty in business dealing, he was acclaimed for this among the people. He became Muslim at the proposal of Hazrat Abu Bakr رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ. He purchased the Ruma well which was inherited by a Jew for 25,000 dirhams and permitted the Muslims to use it for free.

4-Hazrat ALI IBN ABU TALIB: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ

He was the son of the Prophet’s uncle, his son-in-law and the 4th caliph. His was entitled ruler of the loyal. He is also invoked as “Allah’s Lion.” He was born 20 years before the Migration. He was called in the holy Prophet’s speech the “doorway to the city of wisdom,” the most sophisticated of the society.

5-Hazrat Abdurrahman: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ

He was born relatively 20 years after the incident of the Elephant. He contributed greatly in Almighty Allah’s عَزَّوَجَلَّ pathway to many combat quests, specially the Tabuk quest. He lived a very peaceful life and passed away in Medina Munawarah in the year 32 H

6-Hazrat Abu Obadiah: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ

He was very famous with the name of “Protector of the Ummah.” He transformed into a Muslim by the efforts of Abu Bakr’s invitation or by going to the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَwith his colleagues under the influence of Usman ibn Maz. As the other big Companions, he competed in the entire combat quest. He was always at the Prophet’s side in the invasion of Mecca, and the Farewell Pilgrimage.

7-Hazrat SA’d ibn Abi Waqqas: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ

He was one of the first to welcome the Islamic belief. He stayed in Mecca till the journey to Medina and executed considerable assistance, both in military and political, period of caliphate. He passed away in the Aqiq plain outside of Medina Munawarah in the year of 55 H.

8-Hazrat Saeed bin Zayd: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ

He was brief to pursue the holy Prophet Muhammad صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ with the omission of Battle of Badr; he also participated in the battle at Uhud and all other combats. He depleted the last days of his life on his meadow in the Aqiq plain outside of Medina Munawarah and, exceeding the age of seventy, he passed away in 50 or 51 H.

9-Hazrat Talha: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ

He was one of the first 8 people to welcome Islam and the fifth person to become Muslim through Hazrat Abu Bakr رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ. He fought many battles but did not fight at Badr quest; he bravely protected the holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ at the battle of Uhud. It is predicted that he was between 60-64 years of age when he passed away. He was the holy Prophet’s صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ brother-in-law

10-Hazrat Zubair ibn-e-Awan: رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ

He was called “Abu Abdullah” because of his oldest son Abdullah. After Hazrat Umar’s passed away he was one of the 6-member council entrenched to perform the selection of the caliph. He played a vital role in the takeover of Egypt.